Know the Types of Dysplasia and How to Overcome It

Dysplasia is a condition of abnormal growth in body tissues. Although potentially, dysplasia does not always become cancer.

Have you ever had a lump or a change in shape in a certain part of your body? Some of you may worry and mistake it for a tumor or cancer. However, it could be a sign of dysplasia.

Not only lumps, dysplasia can also cause other symptoms depending on the type and condition where it grows. Find out more about dysplasia and its types and how to deal with it in the following.

What is Dysplasia?

Example of Dysplasia
Dysplasia is a term that refers to the abnormal development of cells in tissues or body organs. Dysplasia can develop and affect any part of the body, including: skeleton.

Dysplasia can occur in any part of the body and can affect children as well as adults. There is an increase in abnormal cell growth in dysplasia, which can also be associated with tumor or precancerous conditions that need to be watched out for.

Types of Dysplasia

There are different types of dysplasia according to the area of ​​abnormal cell growth in the body. Given the different locations, these various types of dysplasia can also cause various symptoms.

Here are some types of dysplasia that you need to know.

1. Pelvic Dysplasia

Pelvic Dysplasia is a deformity of the hip joint or an abnormal position. This condition can cause different leg lengths, unusual gait, or impaired flexibility.

Hip dysplasia can occur in children as well as adults. In children, dysplasia pelvis can even occur before the child is born.

This needs to get fast and appropriate treatment because dysplasia in children can affect its development.

2. Skeletal Dysplasia

Skeletal Dysplasia is a term that describes a variety of medical conditions that It affects bone growth and development, as well as neurological function

This condition usually includes bone deformity, growth deficiency, abnormal growths in the spine and skull, as well as a very large stature.

Skeletal dysplasia usually results from a genetic mutation and can be diagnosed, or known before birth, or in infancy.

3. Cervical Dysplasia

Cervical Dysplasia is the growth of abnormal cells that occur on the surface of the cervix cervix or cervix. Cervical dysplasia can be a precancerous cell, but it can also be does not depend on the type.

There are two types of cervical dysplasia, namely:

  • Low-grade cervical dysplasia: Develops slowly and may improve with alone
  • High grade cervical dysplasia: Can progress to cervical cancer

Just like the cause of cervical cancer, cervical dysplasia can also be caused by human papillomavirus (HPV).

4. Ectodermal Dysplasia

Ectodermal Dysplasia is an inherited disorder that affects areas of the skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands. Most of these conditions are passed down from parents.

Patients with ectodermal dysplasia usually experience symptoms of brittle hair, abnormal teeth, discoloration of toenails, dry and scaly skin, and sweat gland disorders.

5. Fibrous Dysplasia

Fibrous dysplasia is a bone disorder in the form of tissue development fibrous tissue that replaces normal bone. This tissue can weaken the bones that are affected and cause deformities, even fractures.

Fibrous Dysplasia is a hereditary disease associated with: a genetic mutation that is inherited by both parents. This condition cannot be cured, but there are treatments that can be done to relieve pain and stabilize bone.

6. Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a lung disease chronic disease that usually occurs in premature infants. Premature babies usually have lungs that are not fully developed.

They need a respirator to get oxygen. Tool use help within a certain period of time is what can then cause damage to the lungs and bronchi which are already vulnerable.

This bronchial damage causes tissue damage to the alveoli and occurs bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia can cause growth and development disorders in babies. Babies with BPD usually don't get better, but they can be managed with supportive care.

7. Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Myelodysplastic Syndrome or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a type of dysplasia that attacks the bone marrow. In some cases, this dysplasia can cause cancer, blood or leukemia.

The abnormal growth in MDS causes the bone marrow to not produce enough blood cells to support normal body functions. This condition can happen to people who are younger or older, especially the elderly over 65 years.

How to deal with Dysplasia

The way to deal with dysplasia is to first know the type of dysplasia and what type of dysplasia it is accompanying symptoms.

Here are some ways to deal with dysplasia that are recommended by experts according to: by type:

  • Hip dysplasia: using a harness, cast, brace, or surgery
  • Skeletal dysplasia: undergoing growth hormone therapy, braces to straighten teeth, back brace, or surgery
  • Ectodermal dysplasia: keep teeth clean, use a special cream for reduce symptoms that appear on the skin, antibacterial scalp treatment, nasal spray and eye drops
  • Cervical dysplasia: laser surgery to destroy abnormal tissue, cryocauterization, and loop electrosurgical excision (LEEP)
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome: stem cell transplantation (stem cell) or blood transfusion and blood cell growth factor
  • Fibrous dysplasia: medications to help prevent bone loss and relieve bone pain and surgery
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: drugs to support lung function, ventilation mechanics, therapy, and antibiotics in conditions of bacterial infection Notes

Dysplasia is a term that refers to abnormalities or abnormal cell growth in certain body parts. It is similar to cancer or tumor, but this condition is not yet of course it will turn into a malignant tumor.

This condition can occur in children and adults. Some types of dysplasia do not cause symptoms, but some can cause paralysis, pain, growth disorders, and develop into cancer.

Management of dysplasia is adjusted to the type and accompanying symptoms. Consulting a doctor is very important to make a diagnosis and get fast and appropriate treatment according to the type of dysplasia.

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