CoronaVirus Disease: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Each person has a different response to COVID-19. Most people who are exposed to this virus will experience mild to moderate symptoms, and will recover without needing to be hospitalized.
 
Protect yourself and others around you by knowing the facts regarding this virus and taking appropriate precautions. Follow the advice given by local health authorities.
 
 

Symptoms

Each person has a different response to COVID-19. Most people who are exposed to this virus will experience mild to moderate symptoms, and will recover without needing to be hospitalized.

The most common symptoms:

  • fever
  • dry cough
  • fatigue

Slightly uncommon symptoms:

  • discomfort and pain
  • sore throat
  • diarrhea
  • conjunctivitis (pink eye)
  • headache
  • loss of sense of taste or smell
  • rash on the skin, or discoloration of the fingers or toes

Serious symptoms:

  • difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • chest pain or pressure in the chest
  • loss of ability to speak or move

Seek immediate medical attention if you experience serious symptoms. Always contact the doctor or health facility you wish to visit before visiting.

People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should undertake self-care at home. On average, symptoms will appear 5-6 days after a person is first infected with this virus, but it can also be 14 days after being infected.

Nursing

Care of yourself

After being exposed to a person infected with COVID-19, take the following measures:
  • Call your healthcare provider or COVID-19 hotline for information on where and when to get tested.
  • Follow contact tracing procedures to stop the virus from spreading.
  • If the test is not available, stay at home and avoid contact with other people for 14 days.
  • During quarantine, do not go to work, school, or public places. Have someone meet your needs.
  • Maintain a minimum distance of 1 meter from other people, including your family members.
  • Wear a medical mask to protect others, including if/when you need to seek medical care.
  • Wash your hands regularly.
  • Use a separate room from other family members, and if this is not possible, always wear a medical mask.
  • Make sure the room ventilation is always good.
  • If you share a room with other people, keep the bed at least 1 meter apart.
  • Observe yourself for any symptoms for 14 days.
  • Call your healthcare provider right away if you experience any of the following danger signs: difficulty breathing, difficulty speaking or moving, confusion, or chest pain.
  • Stay positive by constantly interacting with those closest to you via the phone or the internet, and by exercising at home.

Medical therapy

  • Scientists from around the world are working to find and develop a cure for COVID-19.
  • Optimal supportive care includes administering oxygen to patients who are critically ill and at risk of becoming seriously ill, as well as advanced breathing apparatus, such as ventilators, for critically ill patients.
  • Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid that can help reduce the duration of ventilator use and save the lives of seriously ill and critically ill patients.
  • WHO does not recommend self-treatment with any medications, including antibiotics, as a prevention or treatment for COVID-19.

To prevent the spread of COVID-19:

  • Wash your hands regularly. Use soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Always keep a safe distance from people who are coughing or sneezing.
  • Wear a mask if physical restrictions are not possible.
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
  • When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with your arm or a tissue.
  • Don't leave the house if you don't feel well.
  • If you have a fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.

Call ahead so that your healthcare provider can immediately direct you to the right health facility. This will protect you and prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.

Masks

Masks can help prevent the spread of the virus from the person wearing it to others. Wearing a mask alone is not enough to protect against COVID-19, so it must be combined with physical restrictions and hand hygiene. Follow the advice given by local health authorities.

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