Common Digestive System Disorders

Common Digestive System Disorders, Various digestive system disorders are common. Of the many digestive diseases, five types are often encountered. Check out the reviews in the following article.

The human digestive system consists of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, and anus. In addition, pancreatic organs, liver, and gallbladder are also included in this digestive system.

The function of the digestive system is to receive and digest food. Once digested, the nutrients are absorbed and channeled throughout the body through the bloodstream. The digestive system also serves to separate and remove food waste that can not be digested by the body.

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Various Digestive System Disorders


Indigestion is a problem that occurs in the ducts or organs involved in indigestion. This condition can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from infection to the rise of stomach acid. Symptoms of digestive system disorders also vary, ranging from mild to severe.

The following are common digestive system disorders:

1. Diarrhea

Diarrhea is an increase in the frequency of babbling more than 3 times a day accompanied by changes in inconsistency to be more fluid. This condition can be caused by dietary changes, rotavirus infections, or bacteria. Diarrhea can last for several days to weeks.

In addition to causing changes in the frequency and consistency of bab, diarrhea can also cause sufferers to experience stomach cramps, fever, bloating, and nausea.

2. Constipation

Constipation or constipation is the change in the frequency of babble becomes less frequent and accompanied by difficulty bab. This can be caused by a decreased bowel movement. Generally, a person is considered constipated when the frequency of defecation is less than 3 times a week.

In addition to the decreased frequency of defecation, other symptoms of constipation include:
  • Hard stools.
  • Have to strain when defecating.
  • Feel there is a blockage in the rectum, so the stool is difficult to remove.
  • Feeling incomplete after defecation.
  • It is necessary to help to remove feces, such as pressing on the abdomen or using the fingers to remove stools from the anus.

3. Hemorrhoids (hemorrhoids)

Hemorrhoids occur when the veins located outside or inside the anus (rectum) ducts have swelling. The disease can occur in anyone, but about 50% of sufferers are over the age of 50.

Hemorrhoids can cause pain and itching of the anus, lumps in the anus, as well as blood discharge when defecating. Sometimes hemorrhoids can also make it the sufferer difficult to sit.

4. GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid rises to the esophagus. This condition is caused by the weakening of the valve (spousal) located inside the lower esophagus.

In healthy people, the valve contracts and closes the esophagus after food drops into the stomach. But in GERD sufferers, a weak valve causes the esophagus to remain open, so that stomach acid rises to the esophagus.

Some of the symptoms of stomach acid disease are:

  • Pain and burning sensations in the chest, which get worse after eating or while lying down.
  • Sour taste in the back of the mouth.
  • It hurts when swallowing.
  • There's a sense of nation in the esophagus.
  • Cough without phlegm.
  • Inflammation of the throat, if stomach acid irritates the throat.


5. Peptic ulcer

A peptic ulcer is a wound on the lining of the stomach and upper small intestine. These scrapings and wounds are generally caused by helicobacter pylori bacterial infections or long-term use of painkillers.

Generally, peptic ulcers cause heartburn. Other symptoms that can appear in peptic ulcers are:

  • Boasting and bloating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dark-colored stools
  • Changes in appetite
  • Weight loss is unknown why


The various digestive system disorders described above can cause complaints that are mild to severe and disrupt activity. If you experience complaints about the digestive system, consult a doctor to determine the cause and be treated.

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